Indonesia’s Law Number 12 of 2012 concerning Higher Education, Article 45 Paragraph 1 states that research in tertiary institutions is directed at developing science and technology and improving well-being and national competitiveness. However, in reference to the enactment of Government Regulation Number 20 of 2005 concerning the Transfer of Intellectual Property Technology and Results of Research and Development Activities by Universities and Research and Development Institutions, the effectiveness of this mandate over more than ten years has not been optimal. This can be seen from the relatively small contribution of science and technology to the industrial sector, the least optimal usage of science and technology, the ineffectiveness of science and technology intermediation between providers and users, as well as the unavailability of financial institutions that encourage the utilization of IPR. Therefore, the government issued a General Handbook for the Implementation of Innovation Management in Higher Education to encourage the establishment of Innovation Institutes and Intellectual Property Centers in Higher Education.
This General Guidebook for the Implementation of Innovation Management in Higher Education is the first guidebook that explains the procedures for implementing innovation management, from planning, organizing, implementing, evaluating, to reporting. The content presented in this guidebook includes an introduction, the concept of innovation, innovation management organizations in Indonesia, innovation management in higher education, as well as general guidelines for organizational services for innovation management.